I’ve been conducting research on cognitivism and connectivism for my other online course and ran across an article by Stephen Bostic from Keele University that discussed the various types of learning outcomes. While I’ve understood the guiding influence of learning outcomes for quite a while now, I had never thought of categorizing them by how learning could be demonstrated.
Entitled Instructional Design - Robert Gagné, The Conditions of Learning, this article draws heavily on the work of Gagné and further breaks the types of learning outcomes down by desired skills:
“intellectual skills - concepts
are demonstrated by labeling or classifying things,
intellectual skills - rules are applied and principles are demonstrated,
intellectual skills - problem solving
allows generating solutions or procedures,
are used for learning,
enable physical performance,
are demonstrated by preferring options.”
While I can’t speak for my fellow students, I found this approach to be both enlightening and absurdly practical. It’s certainly something I’ll keep in mind as I begin to think through future assignments and projects.